How does shared accommodation work?

Shared accommodation is the rental of the same accommodation by several roommates. What specific rules apply to this situation? How do we divide rent and fees in shared accommodation? What is a cohabitation agreement? Here’s a guide for anyone looking to join a shared accommodation.

Capital Video: How does shared accommodation work?

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What is shared accommodation?


Joint tenancy is governed by Article 8-1 of Law No. 89-462 of July 6, 1989. It is defined as “the tenancy of the same accommodation by several tenants, which constitutes their main residence, and formalized by the conclusion of one contract or several contracts between the tenants and the landlord.

Rental method for students, single families, etc.

Shared accommodation is attracting more and more people due to a lack of rentals, a decline in purchasing power and very high prices in the rental market.

Especially popular with young professionals such as students, it also applies to single-parent families or single parents.

What is the minimum area required for shared accommodation?

Not all accommodation facilities are eligible for shared accommodation. The law requires a minimum area (Article 8-1 of Law No. 89-462 of July 6, 1989).

In case of joint tenancy for all roommates

An apartment or house must have at least one main room with an area of ​​at least 9 m² and a minimum ceiling height of 2.20 m or a volume of at least 20 m³ (decent housing criteria (Decree No. 2002-120 of January 30, 2002).

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In the case of a separate rental agreement signed by each roommate

Each tenant must have a room with a minimum area of ​​9 m² and a minimum volume of 20 m³ (common rooms are not included in this calculation).

The living room must have a minimum ceiling height of 2.20 m.

Also read: Tenant: how to give notice to your landlord?

What is a cohabitation agreement for?

Describe the rental rules

A colocation agreement is a document that describes the rules applicable to colocation. It is basically not mandatory, it governs the lives of the various roommates once it has been drafted and signed by all.

Content of the Pact

This document can provide:

  • Internal regulations with the conditions of use of common facilities such as dishwasher, washing machine, hours of use of the bathroom, etc.
  • Rules valid in case of departure of one of the roommates.
  • List of current expenses and ways of their distribution.

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Does the lease have to be in the names of all roommates?

It all depends on whether there are one or more contracts. So:

  • The individual rental agreement must be in the name of all roommates and signed by them. Everyone will receive a copy of the signed contract
  • Separate leases are individual for each co-tenant, including only their identity and the identity of the landlord.

Do all roommates have to be present during the inventory?

Yes, all roommates must be present during the inventory. This must be done in the presence of all parties or their representatives.

The inventory must be signed by each of them. It must be drawn up in as many copies as there are parts.

Also read: Boiler maintenance: who should pay between the tenant and the owner?

How much is rent and fees in shared accommodation?

The amount specified in the co-location lease

The amount of rent, fees and their distribution is regulated in the signed contracts, namely:

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  • Uniform rental agreement signed by all parties
  • Shared tenancy agreements signed between each roommate and the owner.

The amount of the sum of rent received from all roommates cannot be higher than the amount of rent applicable for accommodation (Article 8-1 of Law No. 89-462 of July 6, 1989).

Division between roommates

In the case of a one-time lease, the contract stipulates the distribution of rent and fees between co-tenants as follows:

  • equally,
  • in proportion to the occupied area (example: a room of 20 m² will cost more than a room of 10 m²).

Good to know : a co-location agreement may also provide for this distribution.

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Does each roommate have to have a deposit?

First, let’s be clear that the landlord is never required to require a check from the tenant.

If this is the case, there are two options when it comes to shared accommodation. Here again, everything depends on the owner, who can request:

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  • That a deposit be made for all roommates. In this case, the warranty document must specify the roommate whose departure will result in the end of the warranty obligation.
  • Let each roommate have their own deposit.

How do I request a Loca-Pass deposit to pay my share of the deposit?

Loan with zero interest to finance the security deposit

Avance Loca-Pass is free housing assistance in the form of a zero-interest loan that helps tenants and roommates finance all or part of their security deposit.

Test your eligibility at

First you need to check the eligibility of your file. In this regard, all you have to do is run a simulation on the Action Logement website. Here is the information that needs to be provided:

  • his age
  • his professional situation,
  • the effective date of the lease,
  • type of housing,
  • accommodation location

If the file is eligible, the process will be accessed directly online at the end of the simulation. It must be presented no later than two months after moving into the accommodation.

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Also read: Rental notice: dates for leaving your accommodation

What financial assistance from Caf can a roommate use?

If they meet the conditions, the roommate can apply for the following Caf assistance:

Who should take out home insurance in shared accommodation?

Not all roommates are required to take out household insurance. It is sufficient that only one of them is insured against rental risks (fire, explosion, water damage).

On the other hand, in the event of a disaster, each tenant’s liability is determined based on their share of the rent. You must therefore take out civil liability insurance.

Also read: Lease termination clause: definition, condition and effect

How to find a room to rent in a shared apartment?

Appartager, Map of roommates, Studapart… classifieds pages to find a roommate

Appartager, la Carte des Colocs, Studapart… many websites offer shared rooms in France.

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There are advertisements with a description of the accommodation, the room, the amount of rent and the presentation of the roommate.

Use a real estate agency

You can also contact one or more real estate agencies that offer this type of service. Some of them specialize in shared accommodation, e.g.

  • Room-mate,
  • roommate and life
  • Shared rentals in Paris…

Do your social media research

Finally, specialized newspapers (online or on newsstands) publish ads including roommate offers, not to mention social networks that forward them.

Be careful, the sector is quite tight, you need to be able to take advantage of opportunities and respond quickly (with a pre-prepared rental file) to proposals.

You also need to be vigilant to spot rental scams.

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